Does early menopause raise the risk of heart problems?
According to a recent study, women who go through menopause before turning 40 are more likely to have heart issues.
The new study, which was reported in the European Heart Journal, a publication of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), found that atrial fibrillation and new-onset heart failure are more likely to occur at a younger age at menopause.
More than 1.4 million women aged 30 and older who underwent a health examination through the Korean National Health Insurance System (NHIS) in 2009 were included in the study.
“Women who experience premature menopause should be aware that they may have an increased risk of atrial fibrillation or heart failure compared to their peers.
According to study author Dr. Ga Eun Nam of Korea University College of Medicine in Seoul, Republic of Korea, “this may be good motivation to improve lifestyle habits known to be linked with heart disease, such as quitting smoking and exercising.
Cardiovascular disease typically strikes women up to 10 years later than it does men. Premenopausal women are believed to benefit from estrogen’s cardiovascular system protection, according to studies.
Women may, however, become more susceptible to cardiovascular disease as a result of the cessation of menstruation and subsequent decline in estrogen levels.
Approximately 1% of women under the age of 40 experience premature menopause. Previous research discovered a connection between cardiovascular disease and premature (before age 40) and early (before age 45) menopause. Atrial fibrillation and heart failure, however, had scant scientific support.
The latest research looked at the relationships between incident heart failure and atrial fibrillation, premature menopause, and age at menopause.
The research team monitored the participants for new-onset heart failure and atrial fibrillation through the end of 2018 using data from the NHIS.
The team discovered that the risk for heart failure increased as menopause age decreased after examining the relationships between age at menopause and incidence of heart failure and atrial fibrillation and controlling for the same variables.
According to Dr. Nam’s analysis, “our study suggests that reproductive history should be regularly taken into account in addition to traditional risk factors like smoking when evaluating the likelihood of developing heart failure and atrial fibrillation in the future.”